Riesgo de Trastornos Alimentarios y Factores Asociados al Prejuicio de Obesidad en Estudiantes Universitarios: Un estudio descriptivo transversal

Riesgo de Trastorno Alimentario y Prejuicio de Obesidad

Autores/as

  • Nural Erzurum Alima Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey
  • Aysun Yuksel Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Health Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey
  • Leyla Tevfikoglu Pehlivan Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey
  • Rahime Evra Karakaya Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey
  • Zehra Nur Beslera Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.26.2.1492%20

Palabras clave:

Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos, Obesidad, Prejuicios, Universidades, Estudiantes

Resumen

Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar el riesgo de trastornos alimentarios y los factores asociados al prejuicio por la obesidad en estudiantes universitarios.

Metodología: Este estudio descriptivo transversal estuvo constituido por 1449 estudiantes universitarios de Turquía. Las medidas antropométricas fueron autoinformadas y los síntomas de trastorno alimentario y prejuicio por obesidad se midieron a través de escalas validadas.

Resultados: La prevalencia de estudiantes con bajo riesgo de trastorno alimentario fue del 88,2%, mientras que el 60,3% eran propensos al prejuicio por la obesidad y el 27% tenían prejuicios por la obesidad. Las puntuaciones medias de trastorno alimentario del grupo de bajo peso y peso normal fueron significativamente más bajas que las del grupo con sobrepeso (p = 0,003 y p = 0,019, respectivamente). Se encontró que la diferencia entre las puntuaciones medias de prejuicio por la obesidad del grupo de peso normal y el grupo con sobrepeso era significativa (p = 0,002). Además, en el análisis de regresión lineal múltiple, el grupo con sobrepeso tuvo una asociación significativa con el prejuicio por la obesidad (p<0,001).

Conclusión: El riesgo de trastorno alimentario y prejuicio por la obesidad aumenta entre los estudiantes universitarios con sobrepeso/obesidad. La predicción temprana del trastorno alimentario y el prejuicio de la obesidad es crucial para prevenir problemas de salud como la obesidad y enfermedades relacionadas entre los estudiantes universitarios.

Citas

(1) O’Brien KS, Daníelsdóttir S, Ólafsson RP, Hansdóttir I, Fridjónsdóttir TG, Jónsdóttir H. The relationship between physical appearance concerns, disgust, and anti-fat prejudice. Body Image. 2013;10(4):619-23, doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2013.07.012.

(2) Pearl RL. Weight Bias and Stigma: Public Health Implications and Structural Solutions. Social Issues and Policy Review. 2018;12(1):146-82, doi: 10.1111/sipr.12043.

(3) Diedrichs PC, Puhl R. Weight Bias: Prejudice and Discrimination toward Overweight and Obese People. En: Sibley CG, Barlow FK, editores. The Cambridge Handbook of the Psychology of Prejudice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2016. p. 392-412.

(4) O’Brien KS, Latner JD, Puhl RM, Vartanian LR, Giles C, Griva K, et al. The relationship between weight stigma and eating behavior is explained by weight bias internalization and psychological distress. Appetite. 2016;102:70-6, doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.032.

(5) Magallares A, Bolaños-Rios P, Ruiz-Prieto I, Valle PB de, Irles JA, Jáuregui-Lobera I. The Mediational Effect of Weight Self-Stigma in the Relationship between Blatant and Subtle Discrimination and Depression and Anxiety. The Spanish Journal of Psychology. 2017;20, doi: 10.1017/sjp.2017.1.

(6) Ercan A, Ok MA, Altun S. The Impact of Occupational Education on Obesity Prejudice of University Students. Progr Nutr. 2021;23(1):e2021017-e2021017, doi: 10.23751/pn.v23i1.8921.

(7) Brewis A, Brennhofer S, van Woerden I, Bruening M. Weight stigma and eating behaviors on a college campus: Are students immune to stigma’s effects? Prev Med Rep. 2016;4:578-84, doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2016.10.005.

(8) Cheng MY, Wang S-M, Lam YY, Luk HT, Man YC, Lin C-Y. The Relationships Between Weight Bias, Perceived Weight Stigma, Eating Behavior, and Psychological Distress Among Undergraduate Students in Hong Kong. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2018;206(9):705-10, doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000869.

(9) Hunger JM, Dodd DR, Smith AR. Weight discrimination, anticipated weight stigma, and disordered eating. Eat Behav. 2020;37:101383, doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2020.101383.

(10) Wu Y-K, Berry DC, Schwartz TA. Weight Stigmatization and Binge Eating in Asian Americans with Overweight and Obesity. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(12):4319, doi: 10.3390/ijerph17124319.

(11) Rajib A, Thein KHH, Ghazi HF, Hasan TN. The Prevalence Of Obesity Stigmatization Among Private University Students in Shah Alam, Malaysia. Global Journal of Public Health Medicine. 2019;1(1):21-7, doi: 10.37557/gjphm.v1i1.5.

(12) Tavolacci MP, Grigioni S, Richard L, Meyrignac G, Déchelotte P, Ladner J. Eating Disorders and Associated Health Risks Among University Students. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2015;47(5):412-420.e1, doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2015.06.009.

(13) World Health Organization. Body mass index - BMI. [accedido 15 junio 2022]. Disponible en: https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/nutrition/a-healthy-lifestyle/body-mass-index-bmi.

(14) Ercan A, Akçıl O, Kızıltan G, Altun S. Sağlık Bilimleri Öğrencileri İçin Obezite Önyargı Ölçeğinin geliştirilmesi: GAMS 27-Obezite Önyargı Ölçeği. DBHAD Uluslararası Hakemli Beslenme Araştırmaları Dergisi,. 2015;2(3):29-43, doi: 10.17362/DBHAD.2015310322.

(15) Garner DM, Garfinkel PE. The Eating Attitudes Test: an index of the symptoms of anorexia nervosa. Psychological Medicine. 1979;9(2):273-9, doi: 10.1017/S0033291700030762.

(16) Savasır I, Erol N. Eating attitude test: The indices of anorexia nervosa symptoms. Turk Psikol Derg. 1989:19-25.

(17) Silén Y, Sipilä PN, Raevuori A, Mustelin L, Marttunen M, Kaprio J, et al. DSM-5 eating disorders among adolescents and young adults in Finland: A public health concern. Int J Eat Disord. 2020;53(5):520-31, doi: 10.1002/eat.23236.

(18) Duran S, Ergün S, Çalışkan T, Karadaş A. Hemşirelik öğrencilerinin yeme tutumları ile problem çözme becerileri arasındaki ilişki. The relationship between the eating behaviours and problem solving skills among nursing students. 2016.

(19) Le LK-D, Barendregt JJ, Hay P, Mihalopoulos C. Prevention of eating disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Psychol Rev. 2017;53:46-58, doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2017.02.001.

(20) Kadioglu M, Ergn A. Üniversite öğrencilerinin yeme tutumu, öz-etkililik ve etkileyen faktörler. MUSBED. 2015:1, doi: 10.5455/musbed.20150309011008.

(21) Çakaroğlu D, Ömür EH, Arslan C. Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Yeme Tutumu, Yeme Farkındalığı ve Sosyal Görünüş Kaygısının Değerlendirilmesi. Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi. 2020;14(1):1-12.

(22) Rounsefell K, Gibson S, McLean S, Blair M, Molenaar A, Brennan L, et al. Social media, body image and food choices in healthy young adults: A mixed methods systematic review. Nutr Diet. 2020;77(1):19-40, doi: 10.1111/1747-0080.12581.

(23) Koyu EB, Karaağaç Y, Mi̇çooğullari Ş. Sağlık Bilimleri Öğrencilerinde Obezite Ön Yargısı ve İlişkili Etmenler. Türkiye Diyabet ve Obezite Dergisi. 2020;4(3):260-9, doi: 10.25048/tudod.790209.

(24) Kilic Y. Investigation of Prejudice against Obesity in Students of Sports Sciences. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies. 2020;7(1):108-14.

(25) Yildiz M, Yalcinoz Baysal H. Prejudice against obesity in university students studying in health-related departments. Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2019;55(2):170-4, doi: 10.1111/ppc.12314.

(26) Sert H, Seven A, Çeti̇Nkaya S, Peli̇N M, Aygi̇N D. Sağlık Yüksekokulu Öğrencilerinin Obezite Ön Yargı Düzeylerinin Değerlendirilmesi. Online Türk Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2016:9.

(27) Stein J, Luppa M, Ruzanska U, Sikorski C, König H-H, Riedel-Heller SG. Measuring negative attitudes towards overweight and obesity in the German population - psychometric properties and reference values for the German short version of the Fat Phobia Scale (FPS). PLoS One. 2014;9(12):e114641, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0114641.

(28) Puhl R, Himmelstein M, Quinn D. Internalizing Weight Stigma: Prevalence and Sociodemographic Considerations in US Adults. Obesity. 2017;26, doi: 10.1002/oby.22029.

(29) Meadows A, Higgs S. A bifactor analysis of the Weight Bias Internalization Scale: What are we really measuring? Body Image. 2020;33:137-51, doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.013.

(30) O’Hara L, Tahboub-Schulte S, Thomas J. Weight-related teasing and internalized weight stigma predict abnormal eating attitudes and behaviours in Emirati female university students. Appetite. 2016;102:44-50, doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.01.019.

Publicado

2022-06-30

Cómo citar

Erzurum Alim, N., Yuksel, A. ., Tevfikoglu Pehlivan, L. ., Karakaya, R. E., & Besler, Z. N. . (2022). Riesgo de Trastornos Alimentarios y Factores Asociados al Prejuicio de Obesidad en Estudiantes Universitarios: Un estudio descriptivo transversal: Riesgo de Trastorno Alimentario y Prejuicio de Obesidad. Revista Española De Nutrición Humana Y Dietética, 26(2), 104–113. https://doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.26.2.1492